A short biography of walt whitman

Everyone knows Whitman as a poet and the author of one of the most studied books of American poetry, Leaves of Grass. What is less well known is that Whitman was trained as a printer and throughout his life spent time in printing shops and binderies, often setting type himself and always intimately involved in the design and production of his books. Whitman did not just write his book, he made his book, and he made it over and over again, each time producing a different material object that spoke to its readers in different ways. No nineteenth-century American author was more involved in the range of actual activities of bookmaking than Whitman.

A short biography of walt whitman

The second of nine children, [4] he was immediately nicknamed "Walt" to distinguish him from his father. The oldest was named Jesse and another boy died unnamed at the age of six months. Whitman served as publisher, editor, pressman, and distributor and even provided home delivery.

After ten months, he sold the publication to E. Crowell, whose first issue appeared on July 12, After a local preacher called him a " Sodomite ", Whitman was allegedly tarred and feathered.

Wace, Walter E.

Biographer Justin Kaplan notes that the story is likely untrue, because Whitman regularly vacationed in the town thereafter. In these essays, he adopted a constructed persona, a technique he would employ throughout his career.

Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison derided the party philosophy as "white manism. Present-day writers have called Manly Health and Training "quirky", [39] "so over the top", [40] "a pseudoscientific tract", [41] and "wacky".

Leaves of Grass Whitman claimed that after years of competing for "the usual rewards", he determined to become a poet. The succeeding untitled twelve poems totaled lines— lines belonging to the first untitled poem, later called " Song of Myself ".

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The book received its strongest praise from Ralph Waldo Emersonwho wrote a flattering five-page letter to Whitman and spoke highly of the book to friends. Though the second edition was already printed and bound, the publisher almost did not release it. Whitmore", which Whitman worried was a reference to his brother George.

ChaseSecretary of the Treasury, hoping he would grant Whitman a position in that department. Chase, however, did not want to hire the author of such a disreputable book as Leaves of Grass. Today, it is open to the public as the Walt Whitman House. After suffering a paralytic stroke in earlyWhitman was induced to move from Washington to the home of his brother—George Washington Whitman, an engineer—at Stevens Street in Camden, New Jersey.

His mother, having fallen ill, was also there and died that same year in May. Both events were difficult for Whitman and left him depressed.

While in residence there he was very productive, publishing three versions of Leaves of Grass among other works. He was also last fully physically active in this house, receiving both Oscar Wilde and Thomas Eakins. His other brother, Edward, an "invalid" since birth, lived in the house. When his brother and sister-in-law were forced to move for business reasons, he bought his own house at Mickle Street now Dr.

Martin Luther King Jr. During this time, he began socializing with Mary Oakes Davis—the widow of a sea captain. She was a neighbor, boarding with a family in Bridge Avenue just a few blocks from Mickle Street.

She brought with her a cat, a dog, two turtledoves, a canary, and other assorted animals. While in Southern New JerseyWhitman spent a good portion of his time in the then quite pastoral community of Laurel Springsbetween andconverting one of the Stafford Farm buildings to his summer home.

The restored summer home has been preserved as a museum by the local historical society.

A short biography of walt whitman

Part of his Leaves of Grass was written here, and in his Specimen Days he wrote of the spring, creek and lake.His other namesakes include Walt Whitman High School in Bethesda, Maryland, Walt Whitman Shops (formerly called "Walt Whitman Mall") in Huntington Station, Long Island, New York, near his birthplace and Walt Whitman Road located in Huntington Station and Melville, New York.

A brief biography of Vaughan Williams including a short film detailing the main events in his life. Edgar Allan Poe (), American poet, critic, short story writer, and author of such macabre works as “The Fall of the House of Usher” (); I looked upon the scene before me - upon the mere house, and the simple landscape features of the domain - upon the bleak walls - upon the vacant eye-like windows - upon a few rank sedges - and upon a few white trunks of decayed trees - with.

This is a good basic biography of Walt Whitman.

Kaplan spends more time on Whitman's early adult life which helps the reader understand how the first publication of "Leaves of Grass" came about and how different it was from his earlier published prose works.

Walt Whitman was one of the most influential poets of the 19th century.

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Completely self-educated, Whitman read the works of Homer, Shakespeare and Dante as a child. At age 16 he became a school teacher and founded a newspaper at the age of Family Origins.

Walt Whitman, arguably America's most influential and innovative poet, was born into a working class family in West Hills on Long Island, on May 31, , just thirty years after George Washington was inaugurated as the first president of the newly formed United States.

Walt Whitman Biography | Biography Online