This in turn resulted in a failure to industrialize, making the nations of Africa far more susceptible to European colonization.
For centuries, tidal currents had made ocean travel particularly difficult and risky for the ships that were then available, and as such there had been very little, if any, maritime contact between the peoples living in these continents.
Between andapproximatelysailors engaged in the slave trade visited West Africa. In particular, European traders wanted to trade for goldwhich could be found in western Africa, and also to find a maritime route to "the Indies" Indiawhere they could trade for luxury goods such as spices without having to obtain these items from Middle Eastern Islamic traders.
This diversity led Thornton to describe the initial "exploration of the Atlantic" as "a truly international exercise, even if many of the dramatic discoveries were made under the sponsorship of the Iberian monarchs".
That leadership later gave rise to the myth that "the Iberians were the sole leaders of the exploration". Slavery in Africa Group of men, children, and women being taken to a slave market Slavery was prevalent in many parts of Africa  for many centuries before the beginning of the Atlantic slave trade.
There is evidence that enslaved people from some parts of Africa were exported to states in Africa, Europe, and Asia prior to the European colonization of the Americas.
The African continent was bled of its human resources via all possible routes. At least ten centuries of slavery for the benefit of the Muslim countries from the ninth to the nineteenth Four million enslaved people exported via the Red Seaanother four million  through the Swahili ports of the Indian Oceanperhaps as many as nine million along the trans-Saharan caravan route, and eleven to twenty million depending on the author across the Atlantic Ocean.
Thornton, Europeans usually bought enslaved people who were captured in endemic warfare between African states.
European colonization and slavery in West Africa This section relies largely or entirely on a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. April The Portuguese presenting themselves before the Manikongo.
The Portuguese initially fostered a good relationship with the Kingdom of Kongo. Civil War within Kongo would lead to many of its subjects ending up as enslaved people in Portuguese and other European vessels.
Upon discovering new lands through their naval explorations, European colonisers soon began to migrate to and settle in lands outside their native continent. Off the coast of Africa, European migrants, under the directions of the Kingdom of Castileinvaded and colonised the Canary Islands during the 15th century, where they converted much of the land to the production of wine and sugar.
Along with this, they also captured native Canary Islanders, the Guanchesto use as slaves both on the Islands and across the Christian Mediterranean. For instance, Portuguese traders attempted to conquer the Bissagos Islands in Although Kongo later joined a coalition in to force the Portuguese out, Portugal had secured a foothold on the continent that it continued to occupy until the 20th century.
Inthe Kongolese king, Afonso Iseized a French vessel and its crew for illegally trading on his coast. The Guyanese historian Walter Rodney has argued that it was an unequal relationship, with Africans being forced into a "colonial" trade with the more economically developed Europeans, exchanging raw materials and human resources i.
He argued that it was this economic trade agreement dating back to the 16th century that led to Africa being underdeveloped in his own time. Africans had great influence on the continent itself, but they had no direct influence on the engines behind the trade in the capital firms, the shipping and insurance companies of Europe and America, or the plantation systems in Americas.
They did not wield any influence on the building manufacturing centers of the West. It started on a significant scale in about  and lasted until when Portugal was temporarily united with Spain. While the Portuguese were directly involved in trading enslaved peoples, the Spanish empire relied on the asiento system, awarding merchants mostly from other countries the license to trade enslaved people to their colonies.
During the first Atlantic system, most of these traders were Portuguese, giving them a near-monopoly during the era. Some Dutch, English, and French traders also participated in the slave trade.
It became a target for the traditional enemies of Spain, losing a large share of the trade to the Dutch, English, and French.Socially, the biggest impact the Trans-Atlantic slave trade had on West Africa was a decrease in their population. Statistics, gathered from Western Civilization: A Brief History (pg), state that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade was responsible for the forced migration of .
The Atlantic slave trade is customarily divided into two eras, known as the First and Second Atlantic Systems. The First Atlantic system was the trade of enslaved Africans to, primarily, South American colonies of the Portuguese and Spanish empires; it accounted for slightly more than 3% of .
Ch. 20 Section 3 study guide by TheRealBen7 includes 18 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.
-the triangle trade was a trade route between the americas, europe, and Haiti; helped spread ideas and delicous goods; but it also spread disease and enslaved many africans Briefly describe the effects of the Atlantic system on Latin America, Haiti, Africa, or Europe.
Discuss the long term impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on social divisions in the Americas. Uploaded by elishan on May 20, The long term impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade begins under the slavery act of the North American colonies within the year The Impact of the Atlantic Slave Trade on the New World Whatever the effect of slavery on Africa, there can be no doubt that black slaves played a crucial part in the economic development of the New World, above all by making up for shortages of labour.