During this period, Rome witnessed the successive rise and fall of three emperors until the final accession of Vespasian, first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty. The first task of the new Emperor Vespasian was to rebuild Rome after the civil war, to stamp his own identity on the city and to wipe away the memory of Nero. He rebuilt the Temple of Jupiter and constructed a vast new Temple of Peace.
This paper will look at the context surrounding the construction and the related events that led to the groundbreaking construction project. It will also attempt to trace the impact made by the Colosseum in terms of the science and art in the creation of the colossal masterpiece. Background Vespasian began toying with the idea as early as 72 AD.
Vespasian inherited the throne occupied by three previous Emperors who exited this world not by old age, sickness, or war but through the vengeful attack of citizens who could no longer stomach injustice, maltreatment, poverty, and corruption. Vespasian was not the direct heir of the great Augustus Aurelius.
This means that he was an outsider looking in. And since he was not born royalty he could observe what was happening at the capital from a The roman colosseum a history essay and be able to fully grasp the politics from the point of view of the subjects as opposed to the abnormal view from the seat of power see Suetonius.
The Colosseum As mentioned earlier the structure goes by more than a couple of names. The official name of the building — Amphitheatrum Flavium — was so called because Vespasian came from the Flavian family.
Moreover, Vespasian was wise enough never to underestimate the mob. And so he instituted a plan to make them subjugated to his rule, channeling their violent energies towards the spectacle at the arena and not to the ruling family.
Architecture The architecture was impressive. There are a few colossal structures in antiquity that can rival the Colosseum in sheer size. But in the category of ancient superstructures, the Roman Amphitheatrum Flavium, stands above the rest in terms of the exquisite material used, cutting-edge design and sheer speed of delivery.
It was completed in less than ten years. To fully appreciate this engineering marvel one only has to realize that even after close to 2, years after its construction there are only a few superstructures around the world that can sit that many people and provide for a functional facility where they can fully enjoy the performance from an audience point of view.
Surely, there are places that can contain up to 50, or more people but the question remains if it can deliver the same impact — a suitable place that can provide entertainment for the large crowd.
The characteristic Roman amphitheater looks like two Roman theaters placed so that their diameters coincide.
In the theaters, however, the seating was arranged in semicircles, but an amphitheater is usually an oval rather than a circular form. This is a practical compromise of ideal sight lines…p.
This simply means that a great number of people can be accommodated while considering the most efficient use of space and building materials. The architect or architects who designed the Colosseum wanted a fully working facility alright but they did not want to make an ugly edifice just for the sake of being able to gather the masses in.
Therefore, the best architectural techniques were employed. The orders follow the ascending sequence established by the Romans for multi-story buildings — Doric-Ionic-Corinthian.
The sequence is purely aesthetic, the Doric being visually the heaviest and strongest and the Corinthian the lightestp.
This only means that if the Colosseum was built as a diversion then Vespasian is pushing the boundaries of ancient technology just so he can even surpass his own goals. And after gathering a dream team of builders he poured significant sums of money on the construction project because his rule depended very much upon its success.
At this point it would be interesting to know who the architect was; he is deserving of much honor and recognition as a brilliant designer and engineer.
But there is no reliable information to determine for sure the identity of the chief architect that was hired to do this particular job. DuTemple was correct in saying that emperors were credited with architecture that they commissioned to be built even if they were almost never the one who designed the structure.
But in this case since there is no accurate data it is simply for the sake of argument that Vespasian can be called as the architect especially if he is very much involved from planning to the minutest detail of the construction.The Roman Colosseum is one of Rome’s most famous landmarks and still attracts several tourists.
Even though after over 2, years it stands as a ruin, the Colosseum still displays an excellent example of ancient Roman architecture and engineering.
History Of The Roman Colosseum History Essay Colosseum is the most astonished building in ancient Rome and one of the greatest and most impressive buildings of all time. It is considered as a point of reference and . The Colosseum, which stands near the center of present-day Rome, is probably the finest surviving example of ancient Rome architecture and one of the most recognizable landmarks of history..
The Colosseum is shaped like a modern time football court and could seat as many as spectators. Built /5(3). Roman Colosseum History The suicide of emperor Nero, in 68, was followed by eighteen months of civil war, the first Roman civil war since Mark Antony’s death in 30 BC.
During this period, Rome witnessed the successive rise and fall of three emperors until the final accession of Vespasian, first ruler of the Flavian Dynasty. - The Colosseum Roman Emperor Vespasian built the Colosseum in 80 A.D It is located near the very center of Rome, or modern day Rome, Italy.
It is a beautiful aspect of the Roman architecture, with many arches and statues. The Roman Colosseum Essay Out of all the major sports stadiums in the world, one stands out above the rest.
The Colosseum is known world wide as a visually stunning icon of ancient Rome.